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Essential Goals

Understanding the Key Objectives of Pre-Reading: Crucial Goals

Pre-reading plays a vital role in a preschooler’s education, focusing on developing cognitive, linguistic, and social skills essential for successful reading. The core objectives of pre-reading are fundamental in preparing preschoolers for a lifetime of learning. In this article, we delve into these essential goals and their significance in preschool education.

Developing Phonemic Awareness

Phonemic awareness, the ability to identify and manipulate word sounds, is crucial for reading and writing. Pre-reading aims to develop phonemic awareness in preschoolers, helping them understand that words are composed of distinct sounds that can be combined. This skill is honed through activities like rhyming, syllable clapping, and initial sound identification.

Building Vocabulary

Vocabulary, the collection of known words, lays the foundation for language development and comprehension. Pre-reading focuses on enriching preschoolers’ vocabulary through reading, singing, and meaningful conversations with adults and peers.

Developing Comprehension Skills

Comprehension, the ability to understand written text, is crucial for academic success. Pre-reading endeavors to foster comprehension skills by engaging preschoolers in book reading, questioning, and meaningful discussions.

Understanding Text Structures

Text structure comprehension is vital for effective reading. Pre-reading aims to cultivate an understanding of text structures in preschoolers through exposure to books with predictable patterns and repeating phrases.

Developing Print Awareness

Print awareness, knowing how print functions, is fundamental for early literacy. Pre-reading targets print awareness by interactive methods such as book-making, labeling, and print-related games.

Fostering a Love of Reading

Instilling a love for reading is essential for lifelong learning. Pre-reading endeavors to cultivate this love by offering diverse books, reading aloud, and creating positive reading environments.

Enhancing Narrative Skills

Narrative skills, the ability to sequence and narrate events, are crucial for comprehension. Pre-reading aims to enhance narrative skills through storytelling, dramatic play, and story retelling.

Developing Background Knowledge

Background knowledge, based on prior experiences, aids comprehension and critical thinking. Pre-reading focuses on developing background knowledge through exploration, play, and hands-on experiences.

Improving Writing Skills

Writing skills are closely linked to reading proficiency. Pre-reading targets writing skills through activities like letter tracing, drawing, and handwriting practice.

Developing Critical Thinking Skills

Critical thinking is vital for analyzing information and making informed decisions. Pre-reading aims to develop critical thinking skills by encouraging open-ended questions, discussions, and problem-solving.

Cultivating Empathy and Emotional Intelligence

Empathy and emotional intelligence are crucial for social development. Pre-reading focuses on cultivating empathy through books that explore emotions, character feelings, and emotional expression.

Encouraging Active Participation and Engagement

Active participation enhances learning retention and skill development. Pre-reading encourages active participation through interactive activities, discussions, and sharing ideas.


Pre-reading’s essential goals encompass a holistic approach to preschool education, targeting cognitive, linguistic, social, and emotional development. By understanding and implementing these goals, educators and parents can lay a strong foundation for preschoolers’ literacy and lifelong learning.